Team leaders

Publications ‘Technology and method development’

Martin Ludvigsen
RA-C leader
Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Frank Nilsen
RA-C co-leader
The University Centre in Svalbard


Fer IPeterson AKNilsen F (2023Atlantic water boundary current along the southern Yermak Plateau, Arctic OceanJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans128, e2023JC019645.

Gerland S,  Ingvaldsen RB, Reigstad M,  Sundfjord A, Bogstad B, Chierici M, Hop H, Renaud PE, Smedsrud LH, Stige LC, Årthun M, Berge J, Bluhm BA, Borgå K, Bratbak G, Divine DV, Eldevik T, Eriksen E, Fer I, Fransson A, Gradinger R, Granskog MA, Haug T, Husum K, Johnsen G, Jonassen MO, Jørgensen LL, Kristiansen S, Larsen A, Lien VS, Lind S, Lindstrøm U, Mauritzen C, Melsom A, Mernild SH, Müller M, Nilsen F, Primicerio R, Søreide JE, van der Meeren GI, Wassmann P (2023) Still Arctic?—The changing Barents Sea. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 11 (1): 00088.

Grant S, Johnsen G, McKee D,  Zolich A, Cohen JH (2023) Spectral and RGB analysis of the light climate and its ecological impacts using an all-sky camera system in the Arctic. Applied Optics 62: 5139-5150

Schartmüller B, Anderson P, McKee D, Connan-McGinty S, Kopec TP, Daase M, Johnsen G, Berge J (2023) Development and calibration of a high dynamic range and autonomous ocean-light instrument to measure sub-surface profiles in ice-covered waters. Applied Optics62(31), 8308-8315.

Summers N, Fragoso GM, Johnsen G (2023) Photophysiologically active green, red and brown macroalgae living in the Arctic Polar Night. Scientific reports, 12:17971. 

VanEngeland T, Bagøien E, Wold A, Cannaby HA, Majaneva S, Vader A, Rønning J, Handegard NO, Dalpadado P, Ingvaldsen RB (2023) Diversity and seasonal development of large zooplankton along physical gradients in the Arctic Barents Sea. Progress in Oceanography 103065.


Asim M, Matsuoka A, Ellingsen PGBrekke CEltoft T and Blix K (2022) A new spectral harmonization algorithm for Landsat-8 and Sentinel-2 remote sensing reflectance products using machine learning: a case study for the Barents Sea (European Arctic). IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 61.

Blix K, Ruescas AB, Johnson JE, Camps-Valls G (2022) Learning relevant features of optical water types. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 19: 1-5.

Duarte PAssmy P, Campbell K, Sundfjord A (2022) The importance of turbulent ocean-sea ice nutrient exchanges for simulation of ice algal biomass and production with CICE6.1 and Icepack 1.2. Geoscientific Model Development 15(2): 841-857.

Kolås EH, Mo-Bjørkelund T, Fer I (2022) Technical note: Turbulence measurements from a light autonomous underwater vehicle. Ocean Science 18: 389-400.

Marangoni LF, Davies T, Smyth T, Rodríguez A, Hamann M, Duarte C, Pendoley K, Berge J, Maggi E, Levy O (2022) Impacts of artificial light at night in marine ecosystems – a review. Global Change Biology  28(18): 5346-5367.

Oudijk AE, Hasler O, Øveraas H, Marty S, Williamson DR, Svendsen T, Berg S, Birkeland R, Halvorsen DØ, Bakken S, Henriksen MB, Alver MO, Johnsen G, Johansen TA, Stahl A, Kvaløy P, Dallolio A, Majaneva S, Fragoso GM, Garrett JL (2022) Campaign for hyperspectral data validation in north Atlantic coastal waters. In 2022 12th Workshop on Hyperspectral Imaging and Signal Processing: Evolution in Remote Sensing 1-5. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

Summers N, Johnsen G, Mogstad A, Løvås H, Fragoso G, Berge J (2022) Underwater hyperspectral imaging of Arctic macroalgal habitats during the Polar Night using a novel Mini-ROV-UHI portable system. Remote Sensing 14: 1325.

Yang R, Utne IB (2022) Towards an online risk model for autonomous marine systems (AMS). Ocean Engineering 251: 111100.


Asim M, Brekke C, Mahmood A, Eltoft T, Reigstad M (2021a) Improving Chlorophyll-a estimation from sentinel-2 (MSI) in the Barents Sea using machine learning. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing: 1-1.

Asim M, Brekke C, Mahmood A, Eltoft T, Reigstad M (2021b) Ocean Color Net (OCN) for the Barents Sea. In IGARSS 2020 – 2020 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp 5881-5884.

Fossum TO, Norgren P, Fer I, Nilsen F, Koenig ZC, Ludvigsen M (2021) Adaptive sampling of surface fronts in the Arctic using an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering 46: 1155-1164. doi: 10.1109/JOE.2021.3070912

Johnsen G, Zolich A, Grant S, Bjørgum R, Cohen JH, McKee D, Kopec TP, Vogedes D, Berge J (2021) All-sky camera system providing high temporal resolution annual timeseries of irradiance in the Arctic. Applied Optics 60: 6456-6468.

Løken TK, Rabault J, Jensen A, Sutherland G, Christensen KH, Müller M (2021) Wave measurements from ship mounted sensors in the Arctic marginal ice zone. Cold Regions Science and Technology 182: 103207.


Johansson AM, Espeseth MM, Brekke C, Holt B (2020) Can mineral oil slicks be distinguished from newly formed sea ice using Synthetic Aperture Radar? IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in
Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 13: 4996-5010.

Løken T, Rabault J, Thomas EE, Müller M, Christensen KH, Sutherland G, Jensen A (2020) A comparison of wave observations in the Arctic marginal ice zone with spectral models.
Atmospheric and Oceanic PhysicsarXiv:2003.09472v3.

Norgren P, Mo-Bjørkelund T, Gade K, Hegrenæs Ø, Ludvigsen M (2020) Intelligent buoys for aiding AUV navigation under the ice. In 2020 IEEE/OES Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Symposium (AUV), pp 1-7.

Rabault J, Sutherland G, Gundersen O, Jensen A, Marchenko A, Breivik Ø (2020) An open source,
versatile, affordable waves in ice instrument for scientific measurements in the Polar Regions. Cold Regions Science and Technology 170: 102955.

Sture Ø, Norgren P, Ludvigsen M (2020) Trajectory planning for navigation aiding of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles. IEEE Access 8: 116586-116604. doi.10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3004439

Yang R, Utne IB, Liu Y, Paltrinieri N (2020) Dynamic Risk Analysis of Operation of the Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV). Proceedings of the 30th European Safety and Reliability Conference and the 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference. Edited by Piero Baraldi, Francesco Di Maio and Enrico Zio. Research Publishing, Singapore. 


Fossum TO, Fragoso GM, Davies EJ, Ullgren JE, Mendes R, Johnsen G, Ellingsen I, Eidsvik J, Ludvigsen M, Rajan K (2019) Toward adaptive robotic sampling of phytoplankton in the coastal
ocean. Science Robotics 4: eaav3041. 10.1126/scirobotics.aav3041

Fragoso GM, Davies EJ, Ellingsen I, Chauton MS, Fossum T, Ludvigsen M, Steinhovden KB, Rajan
K, Johnsen G (2019) Physical controls on phytoplankton size structure, photophysiology and
suspended particles in a Norwegian biological hotspot. Progress in Oceanography 175: 284-299.


Fossum TO, Eidsvik J, Ellingsen I, Alver MO, Fragoso GM, Johnsen G, Mendes R, Ludvigsen M, Rajan K (2018) Information-driven robotic sampling in the coastal ocean. Journal of Field Robotics
35: 1101- 1121.