One way to begin to answer this question is to identify the main players, that is the organic molecules in this carbon system. Their chemical identities reveal their fluctuation patterns in the ocean. Seems simple enough, right? Well, turns out there are thousands of molecules, and they have similar chemical properties thus making it difficult to differentiate and identify. However, we can look at their molecular properties and assign them into classes. Nonetheless, a high-resolution mass spectrometer is needed to characterise these organic molecules and intricate data processing is required to assign molecular formulae and visualize.
Our samples were taken from the polar night period, late winter and spring in the northern Barents Sea and Arctic basin. Seasonal patterns of dissolved organic matter in the Artic are difficult to find. With our work we aim to uncover how the molecular diversity of dissolved organic matter differs between the polar night period and spring in the Arctic.
Maria G. Digernes (NTNU) is a marine biochemist interested in marine biogeochemical processes and how they are influenced by climate change. She focuses on the characterization of organic matter in the ocean and the interaction of trace nutrients in the carbon cycle.
Her PhD project is part of the Nansen Legacy Project that aims to connect past, present and future scientific knowledge for the sustainable management of the Arctic environment and marine resources.
On my pursuit to learn more about dissolved organic matter, I decided to take my eight-month-old baby and 234 samples for research abroad period at Uppsala University. The city of Uppsala is one of the oldest cities in Sweden and home to the oldest university in Northern Europe. Besides the city’s charm I was mainly drawn to the work of Professor Jeffrey Hawkes. Professor Hawkes has established methods for analysing dissolved organic matter using an orbitrap mass spectrometer. His publications show that coupling a chromatography column to a mass spectrometer is a valuable tool for deciphering the chemical diversity of organic matter.
When I arrived, I knew I was at the right place when I saw that the PhDs at the department fitted a beer fridge into an old mass spectrometer. During my time here, I have learned about analysing samples, in addition to using code to clean, sort, and interpret data. I am positive that I will leave Uppsala with way more questions than before I arrived, but it has reminded me why I started a PhD. The excitement of chasing the answers is worth the ride. To be continued…